Since Dr Kwame Nkrumah was overthrown, Ghana has always been in the dark and doom days.

Ghana has been 60years but nothing seems to change significantly. Successive governments come and go but the situation keeps going from bad to worse. Corruption has become the order of the day; unemployment is increasingly worsening almost every minute, our sanitation and environment keep depleting, inflation increasing at a significant rate, our cedi always depreciating, nothing seems to be working for mother Ghana.

One may ask:

Where is our sense of humour? Where is our maintenance culture? Where is our honesty? Have we thrown all these qualities to the ‘gutters’?

Ghana is a blessed nation with all kinds of natural Resources, from gold to bauxite, from bauxite to timber, from timber to cocoa, name them. But Ghana is considered as one of the poorest  countries in the world. All that our successive governments do is to keep borrowing and waiting for the advance countries to come to our aid. Isn’t it mind boggling with all these resources, and yet we depend on the foreign nations for aids and grants?

The solution is simply ‘ATTITUDINAL CHANGE!

Mother Ghana can only become a better and self-sufficient country when we change our attitude from corrupt to anti corrupt, from dirt to clean, from dependent to independent.

One may ask, What is even ATTITUDE?

In psychology, an attitude is a psychological construct, it is a mental and emotional entity that inheres in, or characterizes a person. They are complex and an acquired state through experiences. It is an individual’s predisposed state of mind regarding a value and it is precipitated through a responsive expression toward a person, place, thing, or event (the attitude object ) which in turn influences the individual’s thought and action. Prominent psychologist Gordon Allport once described attitudes as

“the most distinctive and indispensable concept in contemporary social psychology”

Attitude can be formed from a person’s past and present. Key topics in the study of attitudes include attitude measurement, attitude change, consumer behavior, and attitude-behavior relationships.

In Social psychology, an attitude is an evaluation of an attitude object, ranging from extremely negative to extremely positive. Most contemporary perspectives on attitudes also permit that people can also be conflicted or ambivalent toward an object by simultaneously holding both positive and negative attitudes toward the same object. This has led to some discussion of whether an individual can hold multiple attitudes toward the same object.

An attitude can be as a positive or negative evaluation of people, objects, events, activities, and ideas. It could be concrete, abstract or just about anything in your environment.

Jung also define attitude as a

“readiness of the psyche to act or react in a certain way”

Attitudes, very often, come in pairs; one conscious and the other unconscious. Within this broad definition Jung defines several attitudes.

The main (but not only) attitude dualities that Jung defines are the following;

Consciousness and the unconscious: The “presence of two attitudes is extremely frequent, one conscious and the other unconscious. This means that consciousness has a constellation of contents different from that of the unconscious, a duality particularly evident in neurosis “.

Extraversion and introversion: This pair is so elementary to Jung’s theory of types that he labelled them the “attitude-types”.

Rational and irrational attitudes: “I conceive reason as an attitude”. The rational attitude subdivides into the thinking and feeling psychological functions, each with its attitude.

The irrational attitude subdivides into the sensing and intuition psychological functions, each with its attitude. “There is thus a typical thinking, feeling, sensation, and intuitive attitude”.

Individual and social attitudes: Many of the latter are “isms”.

In addition, Jung discusses the abstract attitude. “When I take an abstract attitude…”.  Abstraction is contrasted with creationism.

“CREATIONISM”: By this  I mean a peculiarity of thinking and feeling, which is the antithesis of abstraction”

This is the time Ghana needs Psychology, when I say ‘psychology’ I mean attitudinal change through the use of cognitive restructuring’ (i.e. changing irrational thoughts to rational thoughts) Instead of having the mentality to embezzle state funds, with intensive cognitive restructuring, one may use the funds for the purpose it was intended for.

How can we implement that?

Very simple, on one hand, strict policies should be enacted and supervised by an independent body devoid of political affiliation who will punish offenders and those who will go contrary to the policies without any equivocation and sentiment.

On the other hand, Our leaders must be transparent and very honest in the discharge of their duties.

How? All government contracts and projects must be made public, the financial aspect of all contracts and projects must be publicly known to the citizenry for the sake of transparency. For instance, if a project will cost the nation GH¢ 10,000, it must not be done behind doors, it must be made public and in case a contractor spend more than the above stated, he or she must be interrogated by the independent body for further prosecution.

Until we change our attitude as a people, Ghana will continue to be in a doom for so many years.


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